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APA Referencing (APA 6th edition): Electronic Journal Article

Referencing help and examples for using the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style.

Electronic Journal Article - One Author

In-text citation:

Edwards (2006, p. 77) notes the growing popularity of department stores for purchasing fashion items.  

Reference List:

Author's surname and Initials. (Year of publication). Title of journal article. Title of Journal in italics, volume number (issue number or month): page numbers. Retrieved date of access from DOI, database name or URL. (Note: where the DOI exists, this should be used in preference to the URL or database name)

Example :

Edwards, B. (2006). We are fatally influenced by goods bought on Bond Street: London, shopping, and the fashionable geographies of 1930s Vogue. Fashion Theory, 10(1/2): 73-96. Retrieved 15 August 2019, from EBSCOhost - Academic Search Premier.

Barnes, C. (2013). MOOC's: the challenges for academic librarians. Australian Academic and Research Libraries, 44(3): 163-175. Retrieved 27 July 2019 from DOI 10.1080/00048623.2013.821048


Points to note:

  • The title of the article is written in normal type .
  • All key words in the title of the magazine/journal have initial capital letters and are written in italics.
  • Any lines of the reference, after the initial line, should be indented by 1.25cm
  • In the first example, 10  is the volume number written in italics. (1/2) is the issue number which is not in italics .  If you cannot find these details give the date of publication (month or season e.g. Spring.)
  • The Retrieved date is the date the article was viewed/printed/saved on
  • If the database is a suite containing many databases, such as EBSCOhost, the suite  name can be added as well as the individual database name, as shown in the example above.
  • Page numbers are included but without the prefix pp. or p.


Electronic Journal Article - More Than One Author

In-text citation:

You, Cheng and Yan (2009, p. 37) point out that the production of yarns other than cotton also involves a significant level of pollution.


A by-product of the production of synthetic fibres is nitrous oxide, which depletes the ozone layer (You, Cheng & Yan, 2009, p. 37)

Reference list:

You, S., Cheng, S. & Yan, H. (2009). The impact of textile industry on China's environment. International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education, 2(1): 33-43. Retrieved 12 January 2019 from EBSCOhost - Textile Technology Complete.

Points to remember:

  • Note the use of "and"  when the authors names are used as part of the writing versus"&" when the names are used inside the brackets of the in-text citation.
  • The title of the article is written in normal type .
  • The title of the magazine/journal is (mostly) capitalised, and written in italics.
  • In this example 2 is the volume number written in italics. (1) is the issue number which is not in italics. If you cannot find these details give the date of publication (month or season e.g. Spring.)


Electronic Journal Article - Author Not Known

In-text citation:

The novel The Sea, The Sea by Iris Murdoch is incisive on the issue of moral goodness, a subject to which Murdoch has devoted much of her life. ("Editorial Design", 2010, p. 66).

Reference list:

Editorial Design. (2010). Design Week, March, 65-68. Retrieved 15 July 2019 from EBSCOhost - Vocational Studies Complete. 

Points to remember

  • The title of the article takes the place of the name of the author when there is no author.
  • In this case, the title of the article is given in quotation marks in the in text citation. The first few words of the title may be used if the title is very long, as long as the article is identifiable in the reference list.
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