Failing to reference the resources you have used to complete an assignment can get you penalised by your teacher, your teaching centre and the law. Claiming the work of others as your own (by quoting from books, websites or other sources without acknowledging them by in-text citation and a reference list) is a breach of copyright law called plagiarism. Referencing correctly is a way of showing your teacher what is your work and what is supporting material drawn from another source.
List items alphabetically, with a space between each item.
In general, the type of information, and the order that it is presented in is as follows: author - date- title of work - publishing details. However, the exact format depends on the type of resource. The boxes below explain the format for some of the most common resource types.
Copies of this book on bibliographical citations and plagiarism are available from the City, Elgar, and Lakeside Libraries.
Elgar library has plenty of copies (over 20) of a little green book titled Referencing guide: Using the Harvard Referencing system by Nancy Stokes.
For any further details on acknowledging sources of information in your written work using the Harvard Referencing System, go to call number 808.02 STO on the shelves and borrow yourself a copy.
How to cite something while you’re writing
Work the author’s surname or organisation’s name, the year of publication and the page number into the paragraph you are writing. The purpose is to give basic details so your reader can get more information from the list at the end.
Example 1: It has been proven that mice have four legs (Jones, 1999, p12).
Example 2: Jones (1999, p12) has proven that mice have four legs.
Example 3: In his 1999 text, Jones states that mice have four legs (p12).
Note that page numbers are only necessary for in text citations when direct quotes or precise information are used.
Surname, Initials. Year, ‘Article title in inverted commas’, Journal title in italics, volume or issue of publication as listed on the Journal or database record, page number, Retrieved: Date you accessed it, From: name of database you used to find the article.
Williams, K. 2009, 'IMA issues new definition of management accounting', Strategic Finance, vol. 90, no. 7, p. 23, Retrieved: January 16, 2009, from ProQuest: ABI/INFORM Select, Article 1626514111.
Surname, Initials. Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Irvine, J. 2002, Financial accounting, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Surname, Initials & Surname, Initials. Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Fleay, D. & Poustie, N. 2004, TAFE accounting: financial applications, 2nd edn, Thomson Learning, Southbank, Vic.
Surname, Initials. (ed.) Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Bell, A. (ed.) 1990, Introductory accounting and finance, Nelson, South Melbourne.
Chapter of an edited book
Surname, Initials. (of the author of the chapter) Year, ‘Chapter title’, in Book title, Edition (if not the first), Editor, Publisher, Place of publication, pp.
Nugent, J. B. & Yotopoulos, P.A. 1984, 'What has orthodox development economics learned from recent experiences?', in C.K. Wilber (ed.) The political economy of development and underdevelopment, 3rd edn, Random House, New York.
Title in italics, Year [videorecording or DVD], Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Financial reporting for business, 2008 [DVD], Video Education Australasia, Vic.
Author/organisation’s name, Year, Page title in italics, Retrieved: date accessed it, from: specific website address (best to copy and paste to ensure accuracy.)
New York State Society of Certified Public Accountants, 2009, Accounting terminology guide, Retrieved: March 21, 2009 from http://www.nysscpa.org
If there’s no date?
Put [n.d.] where you would usually put the year. (This applies to all forms of resource where a date cannot be found.)
These websites contain detailed information and examples for using the Harvard Referencing Style: