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IEEE Referencing: Electronic book

Explanation and examples for IEEE referencing style

Electronic book

General format

[Ref #]             Author(s). (year). Title (edition) [Online]. Available: URL




[4]        J.M. Perkins. (2008). How to reference (2nd ed.) [Online]. Available:



  • Include the initials and surname of all authors
  • Where there are multiple authors, use commas between each name, and precede the final name with 'and'
  • Put the title in italics 
  • Take care to use the correct punctuation, as shown above
  • Note the differences in format and punctuation from an equivalent print book
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