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IEEE Referencing: About IEEE

Explanation and examples for IEEE referencing style


The IEEE citation style is now widely used in electrical, electronic and computing publications. IEEE provides instructions for authors for each type of publication such as journals, magazines, newsletters, and standards.

IEEE is a numbered style with two components:

1.     In-text references where references are numbered [1] in the order of appearance in the article. 

2.     A reference list, displayed at the end of the article which provides full details of all references cited in-text. The references are ordered as they appear in the in-text references (in order of citation, not in alphabetical order). 

Points to Remember

The reference list should be written in the same order that references appear in within your text. The reference number is shown in square brackets on the left of the page, with the remainder of the reference spaced to the right of this

Click on the relevant tabs across the top of the screen to find out how to set out  an IEEE reference for that resource type.  

You can also get more information on IEEE referencing from the following websites, but please note that the examples given by these are not always consistent. If in doubt, refer to the IEEE site, as the creators of the IEEE style.

[1]       Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.,(2016)  IEEE Editorial Style Manual. [Online]. Available:    (Please see relevant pages 34-40).

[2]       University of Melbourne (2008, Oct.). IEEE Style. [Online] Available:

[3]        Monash University (2006, April). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style examples. [Online] Available:

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