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APA Referencing: Website/Web Document

Referencing help and examples for using the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style.

Page on a Website

In-text citation:

Josiah Wedgwood & Sons was one of the first ceramic manufacturing companies to create a permanent museum of their works plus examples of early trials and experimental pieces (The Wedgwood Museum, n.d.).

Reference list:

Author/organisation’s name. (Year). Page title. Retrieved  date you accessed it, from specific website address (best to copy and paste URL to ensure accuracy.)

If there’s no date?

Put (n.d.) where you would usually put the year. (This applies to all forms of resource where a date cannot be found.)

The Wedgwood Museum.(n.d.). About us. Retrieved  January 29,  2009, from
http://www.wedgwoodmuseum.org.uk/aboutus

Government Website

In-text citation:

Legislation will be introduced this year, which will ensure that visual artists receive five per cent of the resale price of any work sold for $1000 or more (Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2009).

Reference list:

Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. (2009). Resale royalty rights. Retrieved  January 29, 2009, from
http://www.arts.gov.au/artists/resale_royalty

Website with no author

Use the Title of the document or page instead of the author, for example

Reference List :

British Empire 1922 and other empires. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.angelfire.com/mac/egmatthews/worldinfo/europe/empire.html

In-text citation

("British Empire 1922", 2009)

Points to remember:

  • Make sure you reference the precise page that you got the information from, not the homepage of the website
  • If there is no author or organisation name associated with a webpage,use the title of the webpage instead
  • When referring to a webpage or document with no author in-text, use quotation marks around the first few words of the title
  • If a website contains a year of creation as well as the year it was last updated, use the date of the last update.

Web Document


PDF

In-text citation:

First citation

Allwood, Laursen, Malvido de Rodriguez and Bocken (2006, p. 16) list the main occupational health issues for workers in the clothing and textiles industry: hazardous chemicals, fibre dust, noise and monotonous repetitive processes.

Subseqent in -text citations

The use of child labour still remains a significant problem in the clothing and textile industry (Allwood et al.,  2006).

Reference list:

Allwood, J. M., Laursen, S. E., Malvido de Rodriguez, C. & Bocken, N. (2006). Well dressed?: the present and future sustainability of clothing and textiles in the United Kingdom [PDF]. Retrieved January 29 , 2009  from http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/sustainability/projects/mass/UK_textiles.pdf

Point to remember:

  • If the document is a Word document, the description is: [Word document].

PowerPoint

In-text citation:

Geofroy Tory, the 16th century French designer was influenced by the work of Leonardo da Vinci and designed typeface based on the proportions of the human body (Chin, 2006, p. 7).

OR

Chin (2006, p. 7) notes the influence of the architecture and works of Leonardo da Vinci on the typeface designs of Geofroy Tory.

Reference list:

Chin, R. (2006). History of typography: history of digital font [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved  January 29, 2009, from http://www.cs.ucsb.edu/~almeroth/classes/tech-soc/2006-Fall/nov-07.ppt#262,7,Typography and Print: Creating Type 

Point to remember:

  • Both these web documents come from a tertiary institution (.edu or .ac).  This is a good indication that the information should be reliable. If you find a document on the Internet with only the author's name, try checking out the details of the author to see if he/she is a source you can cite confidently or if he/she is attached to any organisation, which may give you some idea of possible affiliation, background or bias. 

Entire website

If you refer to an entire website in the body of your work, include the web address of the site in parentheses. It is not necessary to add a citation for the website to your reference list 

e.g Kidspsych (http://www.kidspsych.org) is a children’s website.

Social media (Facebook, Twitter etc.)

 These are treated as web pages.

Facebook and Twitter

Author surname , initial. (Year, Month Day). Page title or first few words of update. [source].Retrieved  (month day year of retrieval) from URL.

In text references :

e.g.The Office of the Prime Minister (2011) updated their Julia Gillard Facebook page on 13th January  with a reference to…….

e.g. The BP Parody account created on Twitter stated “Catastophe is a strong word, let’s all agree to call it a whoopsie daisy”. (BP Public Relations, 2010)

Reference list

Office of the Prime Minister.(2011 , January 13). Prime Minister Gillard today announced... [Facebook]. Retrieved  January 20, 2011 from http://www.facebook.com/juliagillard/posts/101538903255112

BP Public Relations . (2010  May 24). ”Catastrophe  is a strong word…” [Twitter]. Retrieved  January 10, 2011 from http://twitter.com/BPGlobal PR/status 

 

Blog post or comment [web log post or comment]

Blog post

Author, A. A. [or Alias] (Year, Month day). Title of blog post [Web blog post]. Retrieved from URL.

Comment on a blog:

Author, A. A. [or Alias] (Year, Month day). Re: Title of original blogpost [Web blog comment]. Retrieved from URL.

 

In text reference :

Social networks can be a key factor in learning (Kraus,  2014).

Reference list

Kraus, L. (2014, November 14). Learning analysis of social networks [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://leekraus.blogspot.com.au/

Middlekid. (2014, November 15). Re:Learning analysis of social networks [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://leekraus.blogspot.com.au/

Notes:

·         Only use references from Facebook Twitter  or Blogs if they are appropriate to academic work

·         If a proper name is not given, use the username or Alias, as in "Middlekid" above

·         As tweets and status updates do not have titles, use the first few words of the message as a title. Titles do not need to be in italics

 

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