The named authors are those with primary responsibility for the idea or intellectual content of the item. This may be a composer, director, or performer performing original material.
It's good to put the format in square brackets after the title, e.g [CD], [DVD], [videorecording], [MP3], [Streamed audio]
The person responsible for the content of the music is the composer/writer, but the performer has a secondary responsibility.
Sutter's performance of Philip Glass' Songs and poems for solo cello (Glass, 2008) highlights the question of...
Comparing Glass' introspective works for solo cello (Glass, 2008) with Bach's brash arpeggios...
Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded/Performed by B. Artist]. On Title of album in italics [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Date of recording if different from copyright date)
Glass, P. (2008). Songs and poems for solo cello Song I [Performed by W. Sutter]. On Songs and poems for solo cello [CD]. New York : Orange Mountain Music.
For audio visual materials, list the primary contributors in the author position. Identify their role in brackets e.g. (Producer), (Writer), (Director). If no contributors can be found, use the name of the program in the author field.
In- text citation - with writer & director :
(Nicholson & Attenborough, 1998)
Reference List with writer & director:
Writer Surname, Initial. (Writer), & Director Surname, Initial. (Director). (Production date). Title in italics [videorecording or DVD]. Place of Publication:Publisher.
Nicholson, W. (Writer), & Attenborough, R. (Director).(1998 ).Shadowlands [DVD]. New York: HBO Home Video.
In-text citation - no authors/contributors:
Professional Email etiquette (2010) provides some insight in to best practices when formatting important emails.
Reference list: No authors/contributors found
Title in italics (Year). [videorecording or DVD]. Place of Publication :Publisher.
Professional Email etiquette. (2010). [DVD]. Mill Valley, California : Kantola Productions.
The business: starting a record label .(2003). [DVD]. Bendigo, Vic. : Classroom Video.
For a television program, simply use [television program] instead of [DVD] or [videorecording]
List YouTube or other online videos under authors name, or screen name if full authors name not available. Use [Video file] to qualify the details.
Author, A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
Screen name. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
There are a plethora of paranormal activity style videos available online (Apsolon, 2011)
Apsolon, M.[markapsolon]. (2011, September 9). Real ghost girl caught on Video Tape 14 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbxD848
Fukuyama, M. (2006). At the corner of me and myself: Voices of multiple social identities [Streaming video]. Hanover, MA: Microtraining Associates. Retrieved from http://ctiv.alexanderstreet.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/View/535741
Environmental practices at work : office.(2013). [Streaming video] . Bendigo : VEA. Retrieved from http://vlearn.vea.com.au.ezproxy.boxhill.edu.au/box-hill-institute/videos/list#?op=-availableDate&ro=false&sti=0&p=0