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Study Skills: Academic Writing

Resources to improve your study skills

Academic writing

Academic writing

  • can come in many forms - essay, report, critical review, case study, research paper
  • is based on evidence, analysis, ideas and concepts
  • is objective, written in a neutral way that states the information and does not show personal bias or emotion. Avoid use of 'I' - and reference to yourself as writer e.g.
          Instead of:  In this report I will examine .... use     This report examines... 
  • is formally structured, in clear sentences and paragraphs, with correct grammar, spelling and punctuation. It may include section or chapter headings, a table of contents and reference list.
  • uses deductive reasoning - You need to evaluate the ideas, compare them with those of other writers, and examine issues and perspectives critically.
  • uses formal, impersonal language rather than informal slang or regular speaking language e.g. : 

          Informal: The social worker looked at their history to find out which interventions had previously been done.

          Academic: The social worker examined the client's history to establish which interventions had previously been implemented.

  • emphasises facts and ideas. Your opinion may also be required based on the evidence you have provided.
  • requires ideas supported by evidence which is cited in the text , with full details given  in a reference list or bibliography at the end of your work.
  • Usually spells out abbreviations in full e.g. does not, rather than doesn't, is not rather than isn't.

Web links for Academic writing

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