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IEEE Referencing

Explanation and examples for IEEE referencing style

General rules - AI tools

When using Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools such as ChatGTP, you should follow Box Hill Institute's guidelines on Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools and your teacher's instructions. Instructions may vary for different assignments so check with your teacher if you have any doubt about what's okay. Using AI when it's not permitted and failing to reference your use of AI appropriately are both likely to be considered academic misconduct and academic penalties may apply. 

In-Text Citations

  • In-text citations follow the same basic format for all resources - include the number of the reference in square brackets.
  • It's also recommended that you include details of the prompt or prompts you gave the AI tool.
  • For more information on in-text citations, refer to the In-text citations page of this guide.


Examples of in-text citations for an AI tool:

When prompted with the question: "Explain the benefits of academic libraries", OpenAI's ChatGPT [30] returned a long list...


When prompted to "explain the benefits of academic libraries", a long list was generated by the tool [30].

Reference Lists

Box Hill Institute treats AI as Software, rather than as personal communication. 

Make sure to include the elements needed: author (of the AI tool used), title of the AI tool in italics, followed by version name, number or date (in round brackets), date accessed, type of medium in square brackets ("[" and "]"), "Available: " and the URL of the tool.


[30] OpenAI, ChatGPT. (May 12, 2023 version). Accessed May 30, 2023. [Large language model]. Available:



Reference List for this guide

[1] T. McAdoo, "How to cite ChatGPT," APA Style Blog, Apr. 2023. Accessed May 30, 2023. [Online]. Available: