The work of Goulding (2020) indicates a strong correlation between...
Short sentences are easier for readers to understand than long ones (American Psychological Association, 2019, p. 113).
If a date cannot be found, use (n.d.) in the date field
Reference lists should be arranged in alphabetical order by author. All lines after the first line in each individual reference should be indented by 1.25cm. For more information on setting out your reference list, refer to the 'Reference List Example' page of this guide.
Where a DOI exists for an article, this should be included in the reference list entry.
DOIs should begin with either http or https - if the DOI for your article is not presented in this format, you should be able to search online to find the correct version to use.
Kovalenko and Kotok (2019) state that nickel hydroxide production....
Surname, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title in italics, Volume number in italics (issue number), page numbers. DOI
Kovalenko, V. & Kotok, V. (2019). Synthesis of nickel hydroxide in the presence of acetate ion as a soft ligand for application in chemical power sources. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 102(6), 6-12. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.185313
Where an article has a DOI, this should be used in the reference list, as shown above. For articles without a DOI, the reference list entry looks the same, whether the article is sourced from a subscription database, such as Science Direct, or from a print publication. The name of the database, or a URL are not included as part of the reference.
You et al. (2009, p. 37) point out that the production of yarns other than cotton also involves a significant level of pollution.
A by-product of the production of synthetic fibres is nitrous oxide, which depletes the ozone layer (You et al., 2009, p. 37)
You, S., Cheng, S., & Yan, H. (2009). The impact of textile industry on China's environment. International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education, 2(1), 33-43.
For this type of article, you need to include the article's URL as part of the reference list entry. The in-text citation will be the same as for any article with the same number of authors.
Pierotti, R. (1983). Gull-puffin interactions on Great Island, Newfoundland. Biological Conservation, 26(1), 1-14. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0006320783900447#!