The most important period for behaviour development in dogs and cats is from 3 to 12 weeks (Sirois 2017, p. 141).
Author's surname, Initials. Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Sirois, M. 2017, Elsevier's veterinary assisting textbook, 2nd edn, Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri.
In an effort to serve customer needs, Amazon was one of the early pioneers to develop software for collaborative filtering of customer data (Evans & Lindsay 2011, p. 229).
Kotler, Bowen and Makens (2010, p. 6) argue that the purpose of marketing is to provide real value to targeted customers, motivate purchase, and fulfill customer needs.
Surname, Initials, Surname, Initials & Surname, Initials. Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Evan, J. R. & Lindsay, W. M. 2011, Managing for quality and performance excellence, 8th edn, South-Western/Cengage Learning, Mason, Ohio.
Kotler, P., Bowens, J. T. & Makens, J. C. 2010, Marketing for hospitality and tourism, 5th edn, Pearson, Boston.
Points to remember:
Selection of suppliers should be based on a company's strategy, goals and objectives (Leenders et al. 2006, p. 256).
Leenders et al. (2006, p. 256) stress the importance of basing supplier selection on the company's strategy, goals and objectives.
Surname, Initials, Surname, Initials, Surname, Initials & Surname, Initials. Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication
Leenders, M., Johnson, P., Flynn, A. & Fearon, H. 2006, Purchasing and supply management: with 50 supply chain cases, 13th edn, McGraw-Hill Irwin, New York.
Points to remember:
Use the title of the book in place of the family name of the author.
Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabanna have the wonderful ability to '... dress a woman like a woman ... even if she wants to dress like a man' (10 years of Dolce & Gabanna 1996, p. 136).
Title in italics date, publisher, Place of publication.
10 years of Dolce & Gabbana 1996, Leonardo Arte, Milan.
Points to remember
Reference list :
Surname, Initials. (ed.) Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication.
Ackerman, N. (ed.) 2016, Aspinall's complete textbook of veterinary nursing, 3rd edn, Elsevier, Edinburgh.
In text citation:
It is thought that dogs and man first began to have a relationship in the Mesolithic period about 10,000 to 15,000 years ago (Ackerman, 2016, p. 190).
There is no need to add (ed.) to the in-text citation for edited works.
Clark (2005, p. 168) notes the change in attitudes to second hand clothing in Hong Kong, which occurred in the 1990s.
Second hand clothing, formerly only for those who could afford nothing else, became fashionable in Hong Kong society during the 1990s (Clark 2005).
Surname, Initials. (of the author of the chapter) Year, ‘Chapter title’, in Book title, Edition (if not the first), Editor(s), Publisher, Place of publication, pages.
Clark, H. 2005, 'Second hand fashion in Hong Kong', in Old clothes, new looks: second hand fashion, A. Palmer & H. Clark (eds), Berg Publishers, Oxford.
Jenner, P. 2002, 'The noble art of management', in The MMF music manager's manual, B.Brown (ed.), Music Managers Forum (Australia), Surry Hills, N.S.W., pp. 3.1-3.8.
Points to remember
The relevant page number should be included in the in-text citation. Where there is no author, use the title of the resource in your in-text citation.
A lever (McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology 1997, p. 39) operates by ....
McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology 1997, 8th edn, McGraw-Hill, New York.
The basic structure for referencing an online book is the same as for a print edition - you just need to add the details about when it was retrieved, plus the name of the Database or URL to the listing. The example below is for a book with a single author.
Storage-as-service is used by most Cloud Computing applications (Linthicum 2010)
Author's surname, Initials. Year, Title in italics, Edition (if not the first), Publisher’s name, Place of publication, Retrieved: Day Month, year, from name of database or online service.
Linthicum, D. 2010, Cloud computing and SOA convergence in your enterprise: a step by step guide, Addison-Wesley, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Retrieved: 28 December, 2010, from Safari Books Online.
A single place of publication name of can be used e.g. Upper Saddle River in the example above. Names of states can be used as qualifiers if the place name is not well known.
If not sure, always be consistent with your use of a particular place of publication term.