Putting the information and ideas from another’s work into your own works is called Paraphrasing. Paraphrasing rather than using direct quotations allows you to demonstrate that you really understand the concepts being discussed. It also allows you to integrate the information you are using more smoothly into the rest of the material.
Simply changing a few words, or rearranging the order the information appears in is not sufficient. Even though you will be providing a reference for the material used, without genuinely putting the information into your own words, you will be plagiarising the original work.
Tips for successful paraphrasing
If you use the same wording as the source document, this is called a quotation. These must be enclosed within quotation marks in your work, and the relevant page number/s given.
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Generally, it is preferable to try to put the information into your own words, and to reserve direct quotations either for including relevant facts and figures (that are not common knowledge) or for particularly memorable wording. Select quotations that give weight to your arguments, not ones that only repeat information that you have already given.
Plagiarism is the intentional, or unintentional use of the work of someone else without proper acknowledgement.
To avoid plagiarism: