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IEEE Referencing

Explanation and examples for IEEE referencing style

Example reference list

[1]  J. M. Excell, How to Reference, 2nd ed. Melbourne, Australia: Text Publishing, 2018, pp. 27-33.

[2]  S. M. HemmingtonSoft Science, Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 2020, p. 23.

[3] L. Bass, P. Clements and R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. pp. 15-64. [Online]. Available:

[4]  R. Chui, “IEEE style,” IEEE Trans. Cloud Comput., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 6-10, Mar. 2005.

[5]  S. Crack, "Minimum energy control", Arch. Electr. Eng.​​​​​​, vol. 65, no. 2pp.191201, Jan./Feb. 2016.

[6]  W. P. Nygen, “Fast Running on Oil,” Opt. Lett., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 215–418, Feb. 1990. Accessed: Dec. 7, 2019. [Online]. Available:    

[7]  M. Car et al., “Speedy Retrieval,” IEEE THz Sci. Technol., vol. 8, no. 2, p. 20, Nov. 2004. Accessed: Feb. 9, 2020, doi: 10.1107/TTHZ.2016.2544155.

[8]  T. Qiblawi, 'Beirut will never be the same again." CNN. (accessed Aug. 6, 2020).

[9]  Circuits and Systems Society. "About CASS." CAS. (accessed Apr. 24, 2020).


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